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Sealing and stabilization systems for flood protection systems

For dike, levee, seawall or protection dam

The recurrent extreme flood events in recent years on the Elbe, Danube and Rhine have shown that the stability of many old dikes and levees is at risk.

During the actual flood, in case of insufficient compaction or inadequate maintenance, the flow pressure originates faults inside the dike body by loosening grains from within the soil structure (suffusion).
In extreme cases, erosion streams form (piping) and eventually trigger erosion shear failure leading to the condition of failure of the levee or tailing dam.

Suffusion can trigger subsidence of the whole dam, which in extreme high water levels results in premature overflow. Since most levees are not designed to work underneath currents, a general levee failure can be the result from retrogressive erosion.



Short-term sealing of the tailing dam in the event of a disaster by usual specialized foundation engineering processes like sheet piling, clay cut-offs, jet-grouting, large diameter pile method or diaphragm walls are usually out of question due to the high risk of instability of the structure by the sole load of the application equipment and the non-immediate effectiveness of the measures taken.

Procedures with the use of a seal by subsurface injection with cement mortar cannot be applied in the event of a significant flow through the dike, due to the dilution of the cement emulsion by moving water flow.

Filling and solidifying as an emergency measure - Flood protection

Preventive sealing and solidifying - Flood protection

The fitting in dry conditions of a proven damaged embankment structure in order to enhance its resistance is required to meet the requirements of the DIN 19732 standard.

 

CASE STUDY

Deep water seaport permanently stabilized

Sheet piling quay walls of the Jade Weser Port were successfully waterproofed through resin injection

 

Due to the difficulties in the pressing of 40m long sheet pile elements inevitable major leakages showed up in the joints during the excavation phases of the port basin. These openings had as consequence the wash out of the sand due to waves and tides from within the quay chamber. The problem grew up to unsustainable dimensions after the high tides and the storms in autumn and new year.

The sand washed out of the inner basin would accumulate on the opposite side of the pile curtain and in the long run could interfere with ship traffic. Permanent excavation works were intensively used as corrective measure but also the stability of the sheet piling itself could be compromised as well as the one of the plate supporting piles within the quay area.

Difficult Conditions



Permanent Waterproofing
The stabilized and consolidated sand was not washed out from any point of the 1725m long sheet piling of the quay wall and the rubber elastic consistency of the material employed guarantees a permanent closing of all gaps in the joints.

 

 


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